Home India 10 Gurudwaras in India, one should visit at least once

10 Gurudwaras in India, one should visit at least once

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bangla-sahib-gurudwara, India

In India, the 15th century is a religion that spoke about equality, bravery, and generosity. Sikhism was founded by the humble saint Guru Nanak and proved to be one of the most influential religions in the history of India. This religion gave us a league of extraordinary men that fought for truth and became pillars of courage. Today, Sikhism is India’s fourth-largest religion, with 2% of the country’s total population following it. Their places of worship called Gurudwara are sacred shrines that not only render us spiritual comfort but also offer us an insight into how Sikhism has been sustained. With thousands of Gurudwaras established across India, Sikhs have managed some of the cleanest and most organized places of worship in India.

1. Gurudwara Hari Mandir Sahib, Punjab

Gurudwara Hari Mandir Sahib, Punjab

Hari Mandir Sahib is the most famous Gurudwara in India. Located in Amritsar, this Gurudwara is popular by the name of Golden Temple. In 1588, Guru Arjan laid the foundation stone of this sacred shrine and it was in 1604 that he placed the Holy Scripture called Adi Granth here. In the 19th century, in order to protect this shrine, Maharaja Ranjit Singh covered the upper floors with sheets of Gold, which later gave the Gurudwara its modern name ‘Golden Temple. There are four gates in the Golden Temple that symbolize that Sikhs accept people from all walks of life. Harmandir Sahib is not only important as a religious structure but has historical significance as well. Inside the gurdwara are several memorial items that commemorate the rich past of Sikhs like events, saints, and martyrs, and include commemorative inscriptions of all the Sikh soldiers who died in World War I and II.

2. Gurudwara Baba Atal Sahib, Punjab

gurudwara-baba-atal-rai

Gurudwara Baba Atal Sahib in Amritsar is often overshadowed due to the extreme popularity of Guru Harminder Sahib aka Golden Temple, yet this sacred shrine is one of the best Gurudwaras in India. Gurudwara Baba Atal Sahib was built to commemorate the early death of the son of Guru Hargobind Singh. Baba Atal died at the tender age of 9 years and the place where he renounced the world is the exact location of the Gurudwara. This nine-storied tower is one of its kind as its architecture differs from the other Sikh worship places in India. It was built between 1778 and 1784 and since then has been frequented by devotees.

3. Gurudwara Bangla Saheb, New Delhi

Takht Sri Patna Sahib, Bihar

Gurudwara Bangla Sahib is one of the imminent landmarks of the capital city. Built between the 17th and the 18th century (In the 17th century it was a bungalow and in the 18th century new construction was done, this Gurudwara was built to commemorate the stay of the eighth Sikh Guru Har Krishan here. As mentioned earlier, this sacred edifice was once a bungalow that was owned by Maharaja Jai Singh. Guru Har Krishan stayed here in 1664 when Delhi was under the influence of chicken pox and the cholera epidemic. He helped the people by giving them clean water from the nearby well. Unfortunately, Guru Har Krishan contracted the illness and died here. In order to pay homage to Guru Har Krishan, Maharaja Jai Singh built a tank over the well, which is believed to have healing properties. Today, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib is one of the most famous Gurudwaras in Delhi.

4. Gurudwara Majnu ka Tila, Delhi

Gurudwara Majnu ka Tila, Delhi

Situated in North Delhi near ISBT Kashmiri Gate, is reckoned to be the oldest Sikh shrine in Delhi. The shrine is named after a mound where Majnu (a boatman who used to ferry people across the Yamuna River for free) met Guru Nanak. In 1783, Sikh leader Baghel Singh built a Gurudwara commemorating the stay of Guru Nanak. Also, the sixth Sikh Guru, Guru Har Gobind Singh, stayed here for quite some time and this is also one of the reasons why this place holds so much importance amongst Sikh devotees.

5. Gurudwara Mattan Sahib, Jammu and Kashmir

Gurudwara Mattan Sahib, Jammu and Kashmir

Gurudwara Mattan Sahib is situated on Anantnag-Pahalgam Road. Built by a Brahmin who converted to Sikhism after listening to the influential message of Guru Nanak Dev, Gurudwara Mattan Sahib is a symbol of eternal knowledge and faith in the supreme. The Gurudwara is built on the site of ruined temples and is today one of the most popular sacred places in Kashmir, where apart from Sikh devotees Brahmins also pay homage.

6. Gurudwara Nanak Jhira Sahib, Karnataka

gurudwara-nanak-jhira-sahib-karnataka

One of the most important Gurudwaras in India and is situated in Bidar, Karnataka. The Gurudwara got its name after a miraculous event took place here. Guru Nanak was staying on the outskirts of Mardana, where there was shortage of water and despite the efforts of the village people, drinkable water was hard to find. Guru Nanak touched a part of the hillside with his toes and removed some debris after which a fountain of sweet water gushed out from there. Today, on the side of the fountain is where the Gurudwara Nanak Jhira Sahib stands. The Gurudwara is thronged by a large number of devotees thrice in a year i.e on Holi, Dusshera and Guru Nanak’s Birthday.

7. Gurudwara Sri Hemkunt Sahib, Uttarakhand

Gurudwara Sri Hemkunt Sahib, Uttarakhand

Hemkunt Sahib is situated in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand and is known for its architecture. Dedicated to the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Sahib. It is a star-shaped Gurudwara that has been specially designed keeping in view the prevailing weather and altitude of the place. This particular Sikh worship place remains inaccessible from October to April, and it is only in the month of May that the Sikh pilgrims start coming here. Nestled amidst lofty snow-clad mountains, Sri Hemkund Sahib redefines spirituality.

8. Gurudwara Rewalsar, Himachal Pradesh

rewalsar gurudwara

Guru Gobind Sahib, Gurudwara Rewalsar is situated in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh. The Gurudwara was constructed in the same place where Guru Gobind Sahib met Raja Siddh Sen of Mandi. Situated on a hill, Gurudwara Rewalsar can be recognized from a great distance due to its massive dome. One has to climb 108 stairs to get to this sacred place of worship. At a short distance from here is a Buddhist monastery; thus people who visit the monastery like to pay homage to Rewalsar Gurudwara as well.

9. Gurudwara Bhangani Sahib, Himachal Pradesh

Gurudwara Bhangani Sahib, Himachal Pradesh

Gurudwara Bhangani Sahib in Sirmour district of Himachal Pradesh is rich in history. Associated with the battle of Bhangani, the Gurudwara is seen as the symbol of victory in the war with Raja Bhim Chand. Bhangani is the place where the Guru Gobind Singh fought his first battle at the age of twenty. Guru ji defeated Raja Bhim Chand. This Gurudwara was built in the memory of the war and signifies victory and power of the unity of Sikhs.

10. Gurudwara Shergarh Sahib, Himachal Pradesh

gurudwara-sri-shergarh

Gurudwara Shergarh was built to commemorate the brave Guru Gobind Singh who decapitated a man-eating tiger. Gurudwara Shergarh Sahib is situated in Sirmour district, which is only about 12kms from Paonta Sahib. Guru Gobind Singh was in Sirmour to meet Raja Medini Parkash, the Raja of Nahan, Raja Fateh Shah and the Raja of Garhwal, when a villager requested the Guru to save their lives from the man-eater. Guru Gobind Singh cut the head off the tiger with a single strike and thus was greatly appreciated. The Gurudwara was then built to remember this brave act of Guru ji.